Tonga avoids widespread disaster despite huge volcano blast

19 January 2022, 05:34

In this photo provided by the New Zealand Defence Force, volcanic ash covers roof tops and vegetation in an area of Tonga
New Zealand Tonga Volcano Eruption. Picture: PA

The Tongan government has confirmed three deaths so far.

Tonga appears to have avoided the widespread devastation that many initially feared would follow last week’s violent undersea volcanic eruption.

In its first update since the eruption, the government on Tuesday confirmed three deaths — two local residents and a British woman.

Concerns remain over the fate of people on some of the hard-hit smaller islands, where many houses were destroyed. Communications have been down everywhere, making assessments more difficult.

But on Tonga’s main island of Tongatapu, perhaps the biggest problem is the ash that has transformed it into a grey moonscape, contaminating the rainwater that people rely on to drink.

Tonga Volcano Eruption
Ash is proving to be a major concern in the wake of the eruption (Cpl Vanessa Parker/New Zealand Defence Force via AP)

New Zealand’s military is sending fresh water and other much-needed supplies, but said on Tuesday the ash covering Tonga’s main runway will delay the flight at least another day.

On Tongatapu, at least, life is slowly returning to normal. The tsunami that swept over coastal areas after the eruption was frightening for many but rose only about 80 centimetres (2.7 feet), allowing most to escape.

“We did hold grave fears, given the magnitude of what we saw in that unprecedented blast,” said Katie Greenwood, the head of delegation in the Pacific for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

“Fortunately, in those major population centres we are not seeing the catastrophic effect we thought might happen, and that’s very good news.”

Ms Greenwood, who is based in Fiji and has been talking with people in Tonga by satellite phone, said an estimated 50 homes were destroyed on Tongatapu but that nobody needed to use emergency shelters. She said about 90 people on the nearby island of ‘Eua were using shelters.

UN humanitarian officials and Tonga’s government reported significant infrastructural damage around Tongatapu and concerns about the lack of contact from some of the low-lying islands.

The Geneva-based UN World Health Organisation reported that many people remained unaccounted for.

New Zealand’s High Commission in Tonga also reported significant damage along the western coast of Tongatapu, including to resorts and the waterfront area.

New Zealand Tonga Volcano Eruption
New Zealand is hoping to provide aid in the next day or so (Dillon Robert Anderson/New Zealand Defence Force via AP)

Tonga’s government said all the homes on Mango island — where about 36 people live — were destroyed and only two houses remained standing on Fonoifua island, home to about 69 people.

The government described the event as an “unprecedented disaster” and said tsunami waves had risen as high as 15 metres (49 feet) in places.

Ms Greenwood said Tonga does not want an influx of aid workers following the eruption as Tonga is one of the few remaining places in the world that has managed to avoid any outbreaks of the coronavirus.

Officials fear that if outsiders bring in the virus it could create a much bigger disaster than the one Tongans are already facing.

Another worry, said Ms Greenwood, is that the volcano could erupt again. She said there is currently no working equipment around it which could help predict such an event.

Satellite images captured the spectacular eruption of the Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha’apai volcano on Saturday, with a plume of ash, steam and gas rising like a giant mushroom above the South Pacific.

The volcano is located about 64 kilometres (40 miles) north of Tonga’s capital, Nuku’alofa.

Two people drowned in Peru, which also reported an oil spill after waves moved a ship that was transferring oil at a refinery.

Peru Oil Spill Tonga
Workers clean oil from Cavero beach in Ventanilla, Callao, Peru (AP Photo/Martin Mejia)

New Zealand’s military said it hoped the airfield in Tonga would be opened either Wednesday or Thursday.

The country also sent two navy ships to Tonga on Tuesday and pledged an initial 1 million New Zealand dollars (£500,000) toward recovery efforts.

Australia sent a navy ship from Sydney to Brisbane to prepare for a support mission if needed.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian on Tuesday said China is preparing to send drinking water, food, personal protective equipment and other supplies to Tonga as soon as flights resume.

The UN World Food Program is exploring how to bring in relief supplies and more staff and has received a request to restore communication lines in Tonga, which is home to about 105,000 people, UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said.

Communications with the island nation are limited because the single underwater fibre-optic cable that connects Tonga to the rest of the world was likely severed in the eruption. The company that owns the cable said the repairs could take weeks.

By Press Association

Latest World News

See more Latest World News

Texas School Shooting

Gunman warned of Texas school attack on social media

Police fire tear gas to disperse supporters of Pakistan’s key opposition party marching towards Islamabad

Police in Pakistan fire tear gas in bid to stop ex-PM Khan’s banned rally

Uziyah Garcia was among those killed in the shooting

Desperation becomes sorrow following Texas school shooting

Senate majority leader Chuck Schumer

Put yourselves in shoes of these parents for once, senator urges after shooting

The archbishop of San Antonio, Gustavo Garcia-Siller, comforts families

Children killed in Texas shooting were barricaded in classroom with killer

Volodymyr Zelensky

Ukraine says Russia must withdraw to pre-war positions before talks can happen

Kim Jong Un

North Korea ‘fires suspected ICBM and two other missiles into sea’

Relatives hug outside school

Biden demands gun control after 19 children killed in US school shooting

Michelle Bachelet, UN high commissioner for human rights

Chinese leader defends record to UN human rights chief

Gas pipeline

Hungary proposes removing Russian oil embargo from EU summit agenda

Ferdinand Marcos Jr, centre, raises hands

Marcos Jr proclaimed next president of Philippines after landslide election win

A building ruined by shelling

Russian shelling ‘kills six civilians’ in Donbas region

Pakistan police

Roadblocks set up in Pakistani capital to thwart Imran Khan rally

Brian Kemp

Trump suffers stinging losses in Georgia Republican contests

Mikhail Kasyanov said Putin's generals were afraid to give him bad news

Generals 'afraid to give Putin bad news,' Russia's former PM tells LBC

A woman cries as she leaves the Uvalde Civic Centre

Texas school shooting death toll rises to 19 children