Oil prices crash to lowest ever as coronavirus wipes out demand

20 April 2020, 19:32

Crude oil has fallen to its lowest value since records began
Crude oil has fallen to its lowest value since records began. Picture: PA

By Kate Buck

US crude oil prices have crashed to their lowest value in history as coronavirus continues to dominate the financial market.

According to CNN barrel prices fell bellow $0 on Monday - meaning some producers have actually been paying their clients to take the product off their hands.

In short, the lack of demand for crude oil means supplies haven't been used up - meaning there's nowhere for an incoming supply to go.

Oil manufacturers had already agreed to implement record cuts in their production in the hope of balancing their supplies with demand, but it does not seem to have been enough.

Much of the plunge has been chalked up to technical reasons - the May delivery contract is close to expiring so it was seeing less trading volume, which can exacerbate swings, but prices for deliveries even further into the future, which were seeing larger trading volumes, also plunged.

Demand for oil has collapsed so much due to the coronavirus pandemic that facilities for storing crude are nearly full.

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Oil storage units are full after demand plummeted due to stay at home orders, so the demand has now tailed off
Oil storage units are full after demand plummeted due to stay at home orders, so the demand has now tailed off. Picture: PA

Benchmark US crude oil for June delivery fell 12.9% to 21.69 dollars per barrel, as factories and car around the world remain idle.

"Basically, bears are out for blood," analyst Naeem Aslam of Avatrade said in a report. "The steep fall in the price is because of the lack of sufficient demand and lack of storage place given the fact that the production cut has failed to address the supply glut."

Halliburton swung between gains and sharp losses, even though it reported stronger results for the first three months of 2020 than analysts expected.

The oilfield engineering company said the pandemic has created so much turmoil in the industry that it "cannot reasonably estimate" how long the hit will last. It expects a further decline in revenue and profitability for the rest of 2020, particularly in North America.

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Brent crude, the international standard, was down 1.78 dollars to 26.30 per barrel. Big oil-producing countries have agreed to cut production to help balance supplies with demand, but many analysts say the cuts are not sharp enough to lift prices.

In the stock market, the mild drops ate into some of the big gains made since late March, driven lately by investors looking ahead to parts of the economy possibly reopening as infections level off in hard-hit areas. Pessimists have called the rally overdone, pointing to the severe economic pain sweeping the world and continued uncertainty about how long it will last.

In Tokyo the Nikkei 225 fell 1.1% after Japan reported that its exports fell nearly 12% in March from a year earlier as the pandemic hammered demand in its two biggest markets, the US and China.

The Hang Seng index in Hong Kong lost 0.2%, and South Korea's Kospi fell 0.8%.

European markets were modestly higher The German Dax was up 0.5%, the French Cac 40 rose 0.7%, and the FTSE 100 in London gained 0.7%.

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