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Nation in mourning after at least 154 people dead and over 130 injured in Seoul Halloween crush
30 October 2022, 08:04 | Updated: 31 October 2022, 08:10
South Korea is mourning the deaths of at least 154 people, mostly in their teens and 20s, who got trapped and crushed after a huge Halloween party crowd surged into a narrow alley in a nightlife district in Seoul.
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Tens of thousands of people were believed to have gathered in Itaewon for festivities on Saturday night.
Witnesses say the streets were so densely clogged with people and slow-moving vehicles that it was practically impossible for emergency workers and ambulances to reach the alley near Hamilton Hotel.
The situation quickly developed into one of the country's worst disasters in years.
Out of the dead, 98 were women and 56 were men.
Officials say the death toll could grow as 19 people among the 133 being treated for injuries are in critical condition.
On Monday morning, people laid white chrysanthemums, drinks and candles at a small makeshift altar off an exit of the Itaewon subway station, a few steps away from the site of the crush.
Meanwhile, South Korean Prime Minister Han Duck-soo promised a thorough investigation into the incident.
"The government will undertake a thorough investigation into what caused this accident and do its best to make necessary institutional changes so that such an accident is not repeated," he said.
Seoul's city government said more than 2,000 people have called a city office in nearby Hannam-dong as of midday Saturday, reporting their relatives as out of contact and asking officials to confirm whether they were among those injured or dead after the crush.
The dead included 19 foreigners, said Choi Seong-beom, chief of Seoul's Yongsan fire department.
Their nationalities were not immediately released.
An estimated 100,000 people had gathered in Itaewon for the country's biggest outdoor Halloween festivities since the pandemic began and strict rules on gatherings were enforced.
The South Korean government eased Covid-19 restrictions in recent months and this was the first big chance to get out and party for many young people.
While Halloween is not a traditional holiday in South Korea, where children rarely go trick-or-treating, it is still a major attraction for young adults, and costume parties at bars and clubs have become hugely popular in recent years.
Itaewon, near where the former headquarters of US military forces in South Korea operated before moving out of the capital in 2018, is an expat-friendly district known for its trendy bars, clubs and restaurants and it is the city's marquee Halloween destination.
Officials initially said 150 people were injured as of Sunday morning before later lowering their tally.
National Fire Agency officials did not immediately explain why the tally was reduced but said emergency workers would have had a more accurate idea of the casualties as rescue operations proceeded and that some of the injured would have been converted to deaths.
It was also possible that some of those who were lightly injured had returned home overnight and were no longer counted.
South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol declared a national mourning period on Sunday and ordered flags at government buildings and public offices to fly at half-mast.
During a televised speech, Mr Yoon said supporting the families of the victims, including their funeral preparations, and the treatment of the injured would be a top priority for his government.
He also called for officials to thoroughly investigate the cause of the accident and review the safety of other large cultural and entertainment events, including regional festivals, to ensure they proceed safely.
"This is really devastating. The tragedy and disaster that need not have happened took place in the heart of Seoul amid Halloween (celebrations)," Mr Yoon said during the speech.
"I feel heavy hearted and cannot contain my sadness as a president responsible for the people's lives and safety."
After the speech, Mr Yoon visited the Itaewon alley where the disaster occurred.
Local TV footage showed Mr Yoon inspecting the alley filled with trash and being briefed by emergency officials.
It was not immediately clear what led the crowd to surge into the narrow downhill alley near the Hamilton Hotel, a major party spot in Seoul.
One survivor said many people fell and toppled one another "like dominos" after they were pushed by others.
The survivor, surnamed Kim, said they were trapped for about an hour and a half before being rescued, as some people shouted "Help me!" and others were short of breath, according to the Seoul-based Hankyoreh newspaper.
In an interview with news channel YTN, Hwang Min-hyeok, a visitor to Itaewon, said it was shocking to see rows of bodies near the hotel.
He said emergency workers were initially overwhelmed, leaving pedestrians struggling to administer CPR to the injured lying on the streets.
People wailed beside the bodies of their friends, he added.
Mr Yoon earlier told emergency services workers from all over the country to report to the area in the wake of the incident, where crowds of up to 100,000 had reportedly gathered for Halloween.
More than 800 emergency workers and 140 vehicles from around the country, including all available staff in Seoul, went to the streets to treat the injured.
Every mobile phone in the district was sent a message telling them to go home.
British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak shared his commiserations in the wake of the incident.
He said on Twitter: "Horrific news from Seoul tonight.
"All our thoughts are with those currently responding and all South Koreans at this very distressing time."
The last South Korean disaster this deadly also hit young people the hardest. In April 2014, 304 people, mostly high school students, died in a ferry sinking.
The sinking exposed lax safety rules and regulatory failures.
It was partially blamed on excessive and poorly fastened cargo and a crew poorly trained for emergency situations.
Saturday's deaths will likely draw public scrutiny of what government officials have done to improve public safety standards since the ferry disaster.
This was the deadliest crushing disaster in South Korean history.
In 2005, 11 people were killed and around 60 others were injured at a pop concert in the southern city of Sangju.
In 1960, 31 people died after being crushed on the stairs of a train station as large crowds rushed to board a train during the Lunar New Year holidays.