Officials missed multiple chances to save Logan Mwangi, 5, a year before his murder by evil mum, stepdad and stepbrother

24 November 2022, 14:36 | Updated: 24 November 2022, 15:43

Logan Mwangi’s mother, stepfather and stepbrother were all given life sentences at Cardiff Crown Court earlier this year
Logan Mwangi’s mother, stepfather and stepbrother were all given life sentences at Cardiff Crown Court earlier this year. Picture: Family handout/Alamy

By Asher McShane

“Significant” injuries suffered by five-year-old Logan Mwangi months before he was murdered were not shared with child protection services, a review into his case has found.

Logan was murdered in his home in Llansantffraid, Sarn, Bridgend, and his body was left in the nearby River Ogmore in the early hours of July 31 2021.

His mother, Angharad Williamson, 31, stepfather John Cole, 40, and stepbrother Craig Mulligan, 14, were all convicted of murder and received life sentences following a trial at Cardiff Crown Court earlier this year.

Doctors didn’t pass details about injuries he had suffered to child protection services, in a ‘systemic’ failure that could have been avoided, a review by Cwm Taf Morgannwg Safeguarding Board found.

Read more: Teen jailed for life for murdering tragic Logan Mwangi, 5, named as judge waives anonymity

Read more: I'm still distressed by child murder evidence, Logan Mwangi juror tells LBC

Read more: Fury of a teen murderer: Moment Logan Mwangi's killer snaps as he is arrested

Logan Mwangi’s stepbrother Craig Mulligan was named in court after a judge lifted an anonymity order against him
Logan Mwangi’s stepbrother Craig Mulligan was named in court after a judge lifted an anonymity order against him. Picture: South Wales Police

The review found that the failing in communication that led to his death was not an ‘isolated instance,’ ‘individual error’ or ‘poor practice’.

It found multiple injuries observed by health practitioners on Logan, referred to in the report as 'Child T', were not shared with services that could have taken appropriate action to safeguard him.

Almost a year before his death, Logan was seen by a doctor who noted multiple bruises on his body and a blue mark near his genitals.

Thirty-one images were taken of injuries, during a health assessment undertaken by a paediatric doctor in August 2020, a review commissioned by the Cwm Taf Morgannwg Safeguarding Board said.

Logan Mwangi's body was found by police in the River Ogmore, having suffered 56 external injuries
Logan Mwangi's body was found by police in the River Ogmore, having suffered 56 external injuries. Picture: Handout

The injuries included a 1cm blue mark above the child's penis. Logan's mother Angharad Williamson told the Health Board she did not know how the mark had occurred.

Other injuries included bruises to the boy's ankle, forehead, ears, arm, cheeks and a carpet bruise to his chin.

Williamson said Logan would bang his head, pinch himself and that the mark to his ears was from a mask.

The little boy was present during the discussion between his mother and a health worker, the review stated.

He said he had fallen down the stairs and agreed when his mother gave the cause of the bruising to his ears as being from a mask worn due to the pandemic.

He also stated that he banged his head and pinched himself when he got angry.

The review concluded that there was no evidence that information about the injuries recorded by the doctor was shared with agencies outside of the Health Board and there had been no one-to-one sessions with Logan outside of his family home.

"There was no knowledge of the reality of his lived experience," it added. It said several of the injuries, even in isolation, "should have triggered" a child protection referral.

The review also highlighted how the Covid-19 pandemic limited the family's contact with agencies and impacted on the ability to provide "optimum child protection processes".

"As a result of this extended child practice review, key learning has been identified," the report stated.

"The review panel believes that these issues may be systemic, and not isolated instances of individual error or poor practice."

The review stated that areas "significantly affected by the impact of the pandemic" included a lack of confidence by professionals in challenging Logan's family's potential use of Covid 19 anxieties and symptoms as a barrier to engaging with services.

It said Government restrictions meant that many activities normally carried out face-to-face "which are so vital to accurate assessments and decision making" had to be carried out remotely and that differences in how services operated "limited the level of contact that the family had with agencies".

The report detailed how Cole was reportedly a former member of the National Front and would subject Logan - whose father is of British and Kenyan heritage - to racially derogatory remarks.

Cole had previous convictions including assault on a child, possession of an offensive weapon, theft and illegal drug possession, and had served a prison sentence for burglary.

In August 2020, Logan attended his local accident and emergency unit with an injury to his arm, bruises to his right cheek and a fractured upper arm.

A child protection referral was made, raising concerns in relation to the delay in Williamson bringing Logan to hospital for medical attention.

However, social services and police "agreed that the threshold to undertake child protection enquiries had not been met at that stage, on the basis that there was limited medical information", the report states.

Police checked Cole's convictions and it was "agreed at that time he was not an appropriate person to solely care" for Logan or Mulligan.

Officers attended the hospital as well as the family home, where they were told Logan's injuries were due to him falling down the stairs.

In a further health assessment by a paediatric doctor, Logan was found to have sustained "wider bruising and injuries", with 31 images taken of these.

Records document that he had a blue mark above his genitalia, two bruises to his ankle, two bruises to his forehead, bruising to the top of both ears, bruising behind one ear, bruises to both cheeks and a carpet bruise to his chin.

Logan also had bruising to his left arm and bruising around his broken shoulder.

The report states: "There is no evidence that information about these injuries was shared with agencies outside of the Health Board."

"Only initial concerns in respect of a delay in attending hospital were shared in relation to Child T allegedly falling down the stairs, with further injuries being observed later and not shared," the report states.

"As a result, injuries observed on Child T were not shared with services that could have taken appropriate action to safeguard him.

"Several of the injuries, even in isolation, should have triggered a referral.

"If the injuries were considered by health professionals to be non-accidental there should have been clear considerations to the number of injuries and site on the body, parental supervision being afforded to Child T and if wider agencies' support was required.

"This again should have triggered a child protection referral."

The following day, the family's social situation was discussed by children's services and health professionals. The paediatric consultant did not consider that Logan had suffered a non-accidental injury.

A discussion followed between police and children's services, which agreed that Logan should be discharged from hospital into his mother's care.

Children's services then agreed that the referral would be closed.

The report has made 10 local recommendations and five national recommendations following Logan's death.

These include urging Cwm Taf Morgannwg Health Board to commission an independent review into its practice and management of identifying and investigating non-accidental injuries in children.

Nationally, it suggests the Welsh Government should consider commissioning a review of approaches to undertaking Child Protection Conferences to help with identifying best practice, as well as the possibility of an annual National Awareness Campaign to raise public awareness on how to report safeguarding concerns.

More Latest News

See more More Latest News

Phillips headshot

Mystery of 'Bushman' dad-of-three who went missing with children - before robbing bank at gunpoint

The PM accused Sir Keir of trying to "entrench his power" by lowering the voting age

Rishi Sunak accuses Keir Starmer of only wanting to lower voting age to 'entrench his power'

Pressure signals could be used to locate the missing plane

Major breakthrough in MH370 mystery as nuclear sensor picks up crucial sound

Sir Ian McKellen was taken to hospital after he fell from the stage during a West End performance

Sir Ian McKellen 'in good spirits' and expected to make 'speedy and full recovery' after falling off stage

Sir Ian McKellen has been taken to hospital after he fell from the stage during a West End performance

Sir Ian McKellen rushed to hospital after falling off stage during West End performance

Dario G star Paul Spencer

Dario G star Paul Spencer dies aged 53 following cancer diagnosis

Reform chairman Richard Tice was speaking on Tonight with Andrew Marr.

'Take them back to France': Reform will have 'standoff' with French over illegal migrants if needed, says Richard Tice

The teen was helping cut the tree down as a summer job.

Pictured: Boy, 16, crushed by 30ft tree just a day after finishing final GCSE exam - as three arrested

Police hunt 21-year-old man following death of boy, 12 in shocking hit-and-run

Manhunt for Coventry hit-and-run suspect continues following death of boy, 12, as police urge public to 'do the right thing'

Parts of the UK face severe rainfall next week, dramatic weather maps suggest

Thunderstorms set to drench Britain with 10 days worth of rain failing in just three hours

Fury erupted after the cow was rammed by a police car

Let us not be hypocrites when we look at the shocking case of the runaway cow

'I didn't expect to die today': Heartbreaking film hopes to keep teenagers out of open water danger

'I didn't expect to die today': Heartbreaking film hopes to keep teenagers out of open water danger

Prince William seen at a procession for the annual Garter Day service

William beams during Order of the Garter procession as royals join King and Queen at Windsor Castle

The parkour runner damaged the UNESCO World Heritage Site building in Italy in a parkour stunt

Shocking footage captures parkour runner damaging UNESCO World Heritage Site in Italy

Defendant Josef Fritzl, center, is escorted to the fourth day of his trial in the provincial courthouse in St. Poelten, Austria, Thursday, March 19, 2009.

Incest monster Josef Fritzl placed under legal guardianship amid worsening dementia

Rod Stewart (pictured on stage in Copenhagen on Sunday June 9) was booed by German fans for supporting Ukraine

Rod Stewart defends show of support for Ukraine after booing at Germany concert