Robert Fico: The left-populist politician compared to far-right leaders

15 May 2024, 17:44

Robert Fico
Robert Fico profile. Picture: PA

The Slovakian prime minister is in a life-threatening condition after being shot on Wednesday.

Slovakian Prime Minister Robert Fico is in a life-threatening condition after being wounded in a shooting after a political event on Wednesday afternoon.

Here the Associated Press news agency takes a look at his background.

Mr Fico, 59, was born in 1964 in what was then Czechoslovakia.

A member of the Communist Party before the dissolution of communism, he took a law degree in 1986 and was first elected to Slovakia’s parliament in 1992 as a member of the Party of the Democratic Left.

Slovakia Fico
Robert Fico, left, has adopted a positive stance towards Vladimir Putin of Russia (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, pool, File)

He served for several years in the 1990s as a governmental agent representing the Slovak Republic before the European Court of Human Rights and the European Commission of Human Rights.

In 1999, he became chairman of the Smer (Direction) party, of which he has been a pivotal figure ever since.

He and Smer have most often been described as left-populist, though he has also been compared to right-wing politicians like the nationalist prime minister of neighbouring Hungary, Viktor Orban.

Mr Fico returned to power in Slovakia last year, having previously served twice as prime minister, from 2006 to 2010 and again from 2012 to 2018.

His third term made him the longest-serving head of government in the history of Slovakia, a European Union and Nato member.

After five years in opposition, Mr Fico’s party won parliamentary elections last year on a pro-Russian and anti-American platform.

He vowed to bring an end to Slovakia providing Ukraine with military support as it battled Russia’s full-scale invasion, and has argued that Nato and the United States provoked Moscow into war.

After his election victory, the new government immediately halted arms deliveries to Ukraine.

Thousands of protesters repeatedly took to the streets across Slovakia to rally against Mr Fico’s pro-Russian and other policies, including plans to amend the penal code to eliminate a special anti-graft prosecutor and to take control of public media.

Mr Fico’s return to power caused concern among his critics that he and his party – which had long been tainted by scandal – would lead Slovakia away from its pro-Western course.

He vowed to pursue a “sovereign” foreign policy, promised a tough stance against migration and non-governmental organisations, and campaigned against LGBT+ rights.

He earned a reputation for his tirades against journalists, and faced criminal charges in 2022 for allegedly creating a criminal group and misuse of power.

In 2018, he and his government stepped down amid controversy after Slovakian investigative journalist, Jan Kuciak, was murdered along with his fiancee.

Mr Kuciak had been reporting on tax-related crimes implicating high-level Slovak politicians.

Mr Fico is married and has one child.

By Press Association

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