Croatia’s conservatives believe majority is close despite inconclusive vote

18 April 2024, 16:54

Croatia Election
Croatia Election. Picture: PA

The Croatian Democratic Union party, or HDZ, won 61 seats in the 151-seat parliament.

Croatia’s ruling conservatives said on Thursday that talks have already started about the formation of a new governing majority the day after a highly contested parliamentary election.

Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic, who is the leader of the Croatian Democratic Union party, or HDZ, said that the party has contacted some of the potential future partners and more talks will take place on Thursday.

Preliminary results of the vote on Wednesday showed that Mr Plenkovic’s HDZ won 61 seats in the 151-seat parliament, which means the party has to form a coalition government to stay in power.

Belgium EU Summit
Croatia’s Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic says more talks are taking place as the party continues efforts to form a coalition (Omar Havana/AP)

The main opponent, Social Democratic Party, backed by President Zoran Milanovic, got 42 seats while the Homeland Movement was third, with 14 seats, according to the tally released by the State Election Commission.

Mr Plenkovic offered no details about any potential future alliance. If he remains prime minister, that would mark his third consecutive term at the post.

In a statement on Facebook, he wrote: “Everything is going well. You will soon know with whom we will form the new majority.”

Mr Milanovic said in his own message on Facebook that two-thirds of the votes went to parties that are opposed to corruption, crime and inequality. Only someone who can put together a 76-seat majority in parliament can lead the government, he said.

Croatia Election
Croatia’s governing conservatives convincingly won a highly contested parliamentary election Wednesday, but will still need support to stay in power, according to the official vote count (Darko Vojinovic/AP)

He said: “Talks about the formation of the new majority are underway and all those taking part in the talks must take care about the will of the Croatian people that was expressed in the election.”

Mr Plenkovic has faced accusations of corruption as Croatia, a European Union and Nato member, struggles with the highest inflation rate in the eurozone, a labour shortage and a surge in migration.

The Adriatic Sea country’s future domestic policies weren’t the only things at stake in Wednesday’s election but also the EU’s unity as it grapples with the instability from Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

If the HDZ stays in power as expected, Croatia will continue on a pro-Western course in supporting Ukraine in its fight against Russia.

Croatia Election
The election campaign centred on a bitter rivalry between Croatia’s president and prime minister (Darko Bandic/AP)

Mr Milanovic is critical of EU policies over the war in Ukraine. If he were to form a government, that could potentially open space for stronger pro-Russia influence in the country, akin to Hungary and Slovakia.

The clash between Croatia’s main political leaders had fuelled political tensions before Wednesday’s vote that was also seen as a test of popularity for the conservatives before the European Parliament election in June.

Apart from the three main groups, the pro-religious Most, or Bridge, party won 11 seats while the green-leftist Mozemo, or We Can, group won 11.

Mozemo has called for a minority government that would tackle reported widespread corruption in the country.

Croatia Election
The HDZ party of Andrej Plenkovic has largely held office since Croatia gained independence (Darko Bandic/AP)

The Homeland Movement is a relatively new political party made up largely of radical nationalists who had left HDZ. The party is led by the hard-line mayor of the eastern town of Vukovar, which was destroyed during the 1991-95 war, which Croatia fought after splitting from the former Yugoslavia.

The HDZ has largely held office since Croatia gained independence. The Balkan nation became an EU member in 2013 and joined Europe’s passport-free travel area and the eurozone last year.

After Mr Milanovic scheduled the election and announced his surprise bid for prime minister, he began campaigning on behalf of the SDP.

But Croatia’s constitutional court judges stepped in, saying the move was unconstitutional and he must resign to run, a ruling Mr Milanovic ignored.

By Press Association

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